Prehistoric flint arrowheads among archaeological finds at Black Cat Roundabout and other sites in Bedford Bedford News

Anglo-Saxon buildings, a late Iron Age settlement, prehistoric flint shards and an early Middle Ages pit are just a few of the finds during archaeological digs in Bedford.

The council’s historic environment team has been busy in Biddenham, Wootton, the Black Cat roundabout as well as the old Clarence Hotel on St John’s Street in Bedford.

Bedford Borough Council advises on sites prior to planning request to identify whether significant remains need to be preserved on site or if further investigation is required prior to development.

Prehistoric flint arrowheads discovered at Black Cat roundabout

It will not normally grant planning permission for a development if finds of national importance are identified and cannot be kept on site.

An excavation on the outskirts of Biddenham uncovered a number of archaeological features, including a Middle to Late Iron Age settlement with enclosures (possibly for keeping their animals), at least one round house, large stone pits. storage, a well and a small kitchen pits, as well as a number of Anglo-Saxon buildings and what is either an oven or an oven.

Roman burial practices may seem strange to modern observers, but beheading burials are not uncommon with this example at the Black Cat Roundabout

Excavations have also brought to light a large “hengiform” monument which potentially dates back to the Neolithic or Bronze Age (4000 – 700 BC).

The Historic Environment team also provided advice and guidance on a field housing development south of Wootton, where excavations have revealed a late Iron Age settlement and cremation cemetery. containing 21 cremation graves.

Of the graves unearthed, 15 contained nearly complete urns and 13 contained additional vessels. The finds provide a valuable local example of burial practices in the borough of Bedford during the time of the Roman conquest of Great Britain.

An engraved copper alloy letter ‘M’ salvaged from a medieval hearth at the Old Clarence Hotel on St John’s Street

In addition to real estate developments, the council advises on other applications, such as large-scale sand and gravel quarries in the Ouse Valley, including a quarry near the Black Cat roundabout on the A1 .

Excavations have identified a riparian landscape rich in human activity with archaeological remains dating from the late Middle Stone Age (Mesolithic), spanning a period of approximately 7,000 years.

Notable finds include prehistoric flint dispersions, a Bronze Age work / production area, an early Roman Iron Age shrine, a Roman farmhouse with a cemetery, Anglo-Roman buildings isolated Saxons and a large riverside enclosure potentially representing the remains of a Viking winter camp.

The council also gives advice on urban archaeological sites, such as the redevelopment of the old Clarence Hotel on St John’s Street in Bedford. The site is located on what was probably the main north-south road through the city.

The first activity on this site included the exploitation of late Saxon quarries, although the presence of a possible latrine pit suggests a contemporary dwelling nearby. A similar pit dating from the early medieval period was also found nearby, which was probably associated with the structure and possible domestic activity, suggested by the presence of post holes and small pits adjacent to a ditch bordering the river. newly dug road along St John’s Street. .

The characteristics revealed personal household items, which appear to have been lost, broken or thrown away by their owners.

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This notice was published: 2021-08-23 14:04:44

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